The 12 gemstones referenced in our scriptures below have unique properties and represent the 12 Houses of Israel.
- Rev 21:19 | And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;
- Rev 21:20 | The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.
- Rev 21:21 | And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass.
Article Link: The 12 Foundation Stones in New Jerusalem (Yasharalam)
(heathen source, read with discernment & spit out the bones)
In the past century, it has been discovered that gems can be classified as either anisotropic or isotropic, and only recently have scientists discovered cross polarized light, which can be used to identify whether a gem is anisotropic or isotropic. When viewed in crossed-polarised light (similar to “pure” light), anisotropic stones produce a colourful array- reflecting all the colours of the rainbow, whereas isotropic stones lose all of their colour and appear black.
It’s interesting that, in Revelation chapter 21, there are 12 gems mentioned to be inlaid for decoration of the New Jerusalem, and ALL of these 12 gems are anisotropic gems, i.e., gems that can show colourful patterns under pure light…
Interestingly, neither diamond, rubies or garnets are mentioned, despite the fact that these group of gems are very very common! For instance, the precious stones are generally considered to be diamond, ruby, sapphire and emerald, with all other gemstones being semi-precious. Turns out, it’s because they are isotropic, when pure light passes trough them, there is no beauty at all…
“For wisdom is better than rubies; and all the things that may be desired are not to be compared to it.” (Proverbs 8:11)
What are the odds?
Of the 28 stones that are normally regarded as gemstones, only 16 are anisotropic. Since anisotropic behaviour has only been discovered in the last century (and John wrote Revelation almost 2000 years ago), the odds of 12 stones picked randomly being in that one group, is about 1 in 1,000! In fact, this analysis assumes that all gems have the same probability of being included, but this is not the case (as some gems are considered more precious than others). Hence, the actual probability is much much lower than 1 in 1,000 for naming all the 12 gems, that are all anisotropic gems, in the book of Revelation!
Keep in mind that there are a few assumptions being made here, i.e. the stones are a literal description of heaven (which I believe are) and that the light in heaven will be like “pure” light, which emanates through the gems…
Could it be possible that God, in choosing the stones for the foundation of the new temple, deliberately avoided stones that would lose their colour and instead chose stones that disperse light to produce brilliant rainbow effects?
“…and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.” (Revelation 4:3)
When is doublt, always look up the translation from Hebrew, for example the “diamond” translated below is not diamond.
- Exo 28:17 | And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row.
- Exo 28:18 | And the second row shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.
- Exo 28:19 | And the third row a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.
- Exo 28:20 | And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings.
- Exo 28:21 | And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.
- Exo 28:22 | And thou shalt make upon the breastplate chains at the ends of wreathen work of pure gold.
From IGI Gemblog: Identification using light behavior
In simple terms, the essential difference between a homogeneous body and a heterogeneous body is whether a beam of light will be broken into two beams after entering the gemstone.
For homogeneous gemstones: Light does not break down after entering the medium. It propagates with a fixed refractive index in all directions (single refraction). This light behavior is known as optical isotropy.
For heterogeneous gemstones: Light breaks down inside the gemstone and propagates with two different refractive indices (double refraction). Unless it comes from a special direction, light becomes decomposed into two polarized beams with perpendicular vibration directions and different propagation speeds. This light behavior is known as optical anisotropy.